A look at the career and writings of the fourth century bishop of Jerusalem.
This essay examines the controversy that followed Cyril through much of his career, when he was wrongly associated with the Christian heresy of Arianism. The paper also looks at St. Cyril’s significant and enduring beliefs about the Rite of Christian Initiation.
Cyril’s eucharistic theology as expressed in these lectures was a significant theological and liturgical advance on that of earlier writers in large measure because he was one of the first to describe the Lord’s presence in the terms of the later dogma of transubstantiation, describing the rite in explicitly sacrificial language. His emphasis on the importance of Communion was an important part of his entire philosophy which included the Rite of Christian Initiation of the relationship between the individual members of a congregation and the church as a whole.