The Effects of In-Group Favoritism on Trait Recall
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the extent to which in-group favoritism can be evoked from viewing a photograph of either an in-group or out-group member.
“Participants will randomly be assigned to either the experimental group or the control group to determine whether a cooperative task, that allows for participants to recategorize, has an effect on the type of traits recalled (positive vs. negative). Participants will further be assigned to separate groups based on their race (Caucasian or African-American). Participants in the experimental condition will randomly be assigned to one of four conditions in which they will be asked to view a photograph of a male and then listen to a tape recorded message containing a list of ten positive and ten negative traits. The participants will then be asked to recall and record as many traits as possible from the recorded message. It is predicted that, compared to the out-group, more positive traits will be recalled when a participant views a photograph of an in-group member. Also, compared to the in-group, more negative traits will be recalled when a participant views a photograph of an out-group member. These results would suggest that a cooperative task that gives participants the chance to recategorize can effectively decrease levels of in-group favoritism and out-group bias. ”