The Effect of Process-Simulation

Psychology / April 23, 2015 / No Comments /
Examination of an article which deals with the ability of the imagination to assist in problem solving.

A critique of the article, “Harnessing the Imagination,” Taylor, Pham, Rivkin and Armor (1998), which discusses different types of imagination or mental simulations in terms of self-regulation, problem-solving, and emotional regulation. The paper shows how although imagination is likely to be considered as an intellectual ability, it is also a great survival tool for us.
“Taylor et al (1998) introduce two types of mental simulations. One is process-simulation, and the other is outcome-simulation. In the process-simulation, ” one sets a goal and then actively mentally rehearses the steps one needs to go through to reach it, which leads to appropriate changes in behavior, increasing the likelihood that the goal will be obtained” (Taylor et al, 1998, p 432). On the other hand, in the outcome-simulation, a person focus on the outcome that he or she wants to achieve, and this will help the person bring it out (Taylor et al, 1998). A good example would be a child who wants to be a baseball player visualizes himself already in that position.”


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