Communism and Fascism 1920-1930
An examination of why these two ideals were embraced by the people post WWI.
This paper looks at the beginnings of Communism in Russia and Fascism in Germany and Italy after World War 1. It asks important questions such as how citizens of these countries could embrace such freedom-limiting forms of government. Points of discussion include: Governmental documents, Marxist influence, charismatic leadership. Fascism and Communism are described in a fair amount of detail, and are also compared to each other.
“Political systems in Europe post World War I were terribly shaken if not completely destroyed. This is especially true in Eastern Europe where national boundaries were disputed and once powerful cities were virtually obliterated. In countries like Germany and Russia people had finally grown tired of being repressed not only as a nation by foreign enemies but individually by a wealthy ruling class of their fellow citizens. Finding themselves among political, economic and social ruin, these same people saw an opportunity to not just rebuild the pre-war government, but to create entirely new systems of government in an effort to strengthen their country and reach the highest level of power, prosperity and greatness. Two forms of government borne out of this desire for revolution were Communism and Fascism. Communism, the brainchild of Karl Marx, is basically an ideal or perfect form of Socialism. It is based on an economic system in which the government owns or controls almost all business and manufacturing activity. Fascism can be described as the absolute control of a country by a dictator. There is no individual freedom what so ever especially in the area of economics. With both of these systems seemingly compromising all freedom and individuality why did both win overwhelming support from the citizens of the countries involved? Fascism and Communism, with the help of strong and charismatic leaders promised the people revolutionary social change, socioeconomic equality, homeland security and essentially a better life promises that would never be realized. (I posted the first 2 b/c they work together as an introduction)”