Descartes’ Meditation’s on First Philosophy
A critical examination of Descarte’s method of systematic doubt, especially with reference to St. Augustine and other philosophers of antiquity.
One of Descartes’ most famous and influential philosophical writings is his Meditations on First Philosophy. In this work, Descartes attempted to apply the rational inductive methods of science, and particularly of mathematics, to philosophy. Before his time, philosophy had been dominated by the method of Scholasticism, which was entirely based on comparing and contrasting the views of established authorities. Rejecting this method, Descartes determined to hold nothing true until he had first established secure grounds for believing it to be true.