Organ Transplant Surgery
Discusses major issues (supply & demand, regulations), ethical issues, historical overview.
“Organ transplant surgery is defined as “the replacement of a diseased organ or tissue with a healthy, living substitute …usually taken from a person who has just died” (Clayman, 1989, p. 1005). In the United States, about one-third of all transplanted kidneys are taken from living relatives of the patient (Clayman, 1989). Organ transplants are relatively new in medicine, but have come to constitute a major area of surgical practice used in treating a wide range and variety of presenting problems and conditions.
Clayman (1989) identified several factors that have contributed to the upsurge in successful organ transplants. Among these are: 1) the development of effective immunosuppressant drugs (e.g., cyclosporine) that reduce the risk of rejection of …”