Policy Rights in the Aftermath of September 11
This paper is an in-depth examination of Article 12 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the U.S. Government’s fight against terrorism.
This paper examines the Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ influence the implementation of new policies by the U.S. Government since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The paper gives a detailed historical background into the reasons behind the Declaration’s initial passage in the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. It then goes on to discuss the affects of the terrorist attacks on U.S. policy, and how this is intertwined with the Declaration. The author looks closely at the U.S. Government’s proposed Combatting Terrorism Act of 2001 that was introduced as a result of the September 11 terrorist attacks, in light of the 1948 Declaration. Current attempts to introduce new policy that might be in conflict with both the spirit and actual text from the Declaration are also discussed in detail. The author then presents some alternative policies that may mesh with the Declaration and offers some recommendations in light of recent events.
“Another response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks was the creation and implementation of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act expanded the number of baggage screeners, imposed standards for their training, and made them federal employees for an interim period of time. Starting in January, 2002, all checked luggage was to be put through special explosives-detecting machines. In addition, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act increased the number of armed federal air marshals flying on domestic flights and required international airlines to turn over advance copies of their passenger lists to United States Customs officials for background checks to weed out suspected terrorists.”