The New Deal of the 1930s
Examines the nature of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s sweeping program to help the poor during the Great Depression of the 1930s, as well as the opposition it faced.
`The 1929 plummet of the stock market resulted in far-reaching devastation, the period following this devastating readjustment termed the `Great Depression.` Herbert Hoover, in line with his laissez-faire theories concerning government, initially responded to this catastrophe by encouraging cooperation among private charities and businesses to assuage the suffering. In the end, though, Hoover’s plan to mitigate the suffering was a dismal failure. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, upon taking office, did not even attempt to minimalize government legislation. In the first `hundred days` of the session of Congress, sweeping legislation, collectively termed the `New Deal` was passed. Combined with other measures passed during Roosevelt’s term, the legislation aimed to palliate the suffering of many. The New Deal legislation sought to aid the disaster-stricken farmers and the simple laborer, through many programs which were somewhat effective. There existed, though, significant opposition to the New Deal from many, including large sections of the business community. `