Liberia: The Failed American Attempt

History / April 23, 2015 / No Comments /
A discussion on the failure of Liberia to become a freed slave colony.

The paper relates that in the 1820’s, the settlement of Liberia was created in West Africa by American abolitionists as a solution to slavery. The paper explains that this settlement was originally planned as a place where freed slaves could go, but it ultimately failed as a result of a lack of direct government support. The paper considers the reasons that the United States government was not involved with the creation of Liberia that include the lack of support among most abolitionists and freed slaves as well as a clash of political ideologies. The paper also notes that this inaction helped to persevere the American principals of separation of church and non-imperialism and also began freed slaves’ integration into American society. The sources are included as footnotes to the paper.
“In the 1820’s the settlement of Liberia was created, in West Africa, by American abolitionists as a solution to slavery. The settlement was originally planned as a place where freed slaves could go, but this ultimately failed as a result of a lack of direct government support. Despite the use of limited military assistance, the capitol being named for President James Monroe, and the support from former Presidents, the United States government never got directly involved with the creation of Liberia. The reasons that the United States government was not involved with the creation of Liberia, were the lack of support among most abolitionists and freed slaves, as well as a clash of political ideologies.
`During the history of the creation of Liberia there were limited, indirect efforts made by the United States government to support the settlement. From the model of the British free-slave colony of Sierra Leone; the American Colonization Society, an organization that spearheaded the creation of Liberia, was founded at Princeton in 1816; to promote the creation of an American freed-slave colony. From this emerged a break down of factions with most freed slaves and abolitionists against the creation of a free-slave colony and most religious and Southern supported the creation of the freed-slave colony of Liberia, with the United States government indecisively in the middle.`


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