Israel and the Role of US Policy in the Middle East
An affirmation of the primacy of geo-strategic imperatives.
The paper discusses the role of the Israeli in international politics during and after the cold war. The first section discusses Israel’s domestic and foreign policy pertaining to the non-Jews of the region and the role of West European powers in strengthening the state and its policies. The third section discusses the basis of American involvement, tracing the path through which Israel became significant to the maintenance of a regional balance, hence American hegemony. The fourth section then returns to the objectives of Israeli foreign policy focusing on the Palestinian issue and concluding with the combined implications of American and Israeli strategic objectives in the Middle East. The last section sums up the analysis by providing a summary of post-cold war US policy and its effect on the world order.
Even though Israel throughout its history has been dependent on external support it has managed to maintain a substantial level of autonomy in its foreign policy. This has been mainly because of two inter-linked factors: the services provided by Israel and position that the State occupies in the Middle East, both instrumental in strengthening the client-state relationship with the United States. The primacy of establishing and maintaining hegemony in the Middle East (for American policy) has been instrumental in consolidating Israeli power.