Brief Profile of Andrei Sakharov
A look at the life, times, and work of Russian physicist and human-rights advocate Andrei Sakharov, including his work to end the arms race between Russia and the US.
“Andrei Sakharov is considered to be the forefather of the democratic reconstruction or “perestroika” of the former USSR. He was born on May 21, 1921 in Moscow, Russia, into a family of cultural and liberal advocates. This is where he learned his basic principles and morals that would one day make him the world’s most famous political dissident. He studied Physics at Moscow University and was recognized early as a brilliant student, thus exempting him from serving in the 2nd World War. This brilliance led him to be chosen to work on the Soviet Union’s first hydrogen bomb in 1948, that became a reality to the world in 1953. However, his personal beliefs led him to protest the testing of the nuclear weapon in 1953, fearing the effects of nuclear fallout, as he also felt this would only accelerate the arms race, not help to prevent it.”