Educational Reform Measures
An examination of educational reform measures and their effectiveness.
The paper reveals that the American educational system has failed to increase student achievement and so educational reform is a key factor in the economic success of the nation. The paper explores strategies and ideas of school reform that include school-based management, teacher empowerment, inculcating schools with a positive culture, encouraging teachers to see themselves as learners and changing the role of schools. The paper explains that students now need help in organizing information and making decisions about its use rather than simply having schools serve as sources of information.
“Voluntary national standards implemented in conjunction with decentralized control have predominated reform efforts since the enactment of the federal Goals 2000. This ushered in the time of systemic reform in education. Wells and Oakes (1996) investigated potential problems that would interfere with systemic reform. The findings indicate that parents’ demand for differentiation between their children and children who excel to a lesser degree and the stratified educational system are major pitfalls that can impede the successful implementation of systemic reform. Decentralized governance could increase unequal access to quality courses as influential parents advance their interests at the expense of the common good. Attempts to eliminate tracking by offering higher standards to under-educated students will require restructuring of the educational system from pre-kindergarten through the fourth year of college. According to Wells and Oakes (1996), governmental intervention is necessary to protect the rights of students who are otherwise denied access to high level curricula when there is local control.”