Genetic Disease Management
An analysis of the prevention and treatment of diseases through medical research in genetics.
The essay begins with a discussion of genetic and environmental risk factors for disease, and the interaction between the two. The essay then goes on to discuss the improved management of genetic disease, thanks to progress in science and technology, dividing management into prevention and treatment. The paper explains how medical professionals are seeking to treat the root of the problem through organ transplants, somatic cell therapy, vaccines, gene therapy, dietary modifications, and more.
“The combined effects of both multiple genetic and environmental risk factors cause some diseases. Most of the risk factors are probably of small effect individually but in combination with genetic susceptibility they may cause illnesses including; diabetes, coronary heart disease, breast cancer, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s disease.  A greater knowledge of the pathophysiology of such diseases is necessary and research is discovering new facts everyday but the lack of a simple relationship between genotype and phenotype makes conclusions difficult. Not everyone with a given susceptibility gene gets the disease and not everyone with the disease has a given susceptibility gene.”