Human Rights in Asia
This paper examines human rights issues in East Asia over the past fifty years.
This paper investigates human rights issues and violations in China and Korea during the last half of the twentieth century. Some of the topics covered include, Tiananmen Square and the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This investigation includes human rights violations, as well as recent attempts by both countries to show that they are trying to change their policies and move forward alongside the world community. The paper also looks at the United Nation’s role in setting policy and in the establishment of various worldwide bodies to monitor human rights.
`Much of the credit for the progress in human rights must go to the United Nations, its allied agencies, and such regional organizations as the Council of Europe, the Organization of American States, and the Organization of African Unity. Also visibly helpful, however, particularly since the early 1970s, have been three other factors: the public advocacy of human rights as a key aspect of national foreign policies, made initially legitimate by the example of U.S. Pres. Jimmy Carter; the emergence and proliferation of activist nongovernmental human rights organizations such as Amnesty International (winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace for 1977), the International Commission of Jurists, and diverse church-affiliated groups; and a worldwide profusion of courses and materials devoted to the study of human rights both in formal and informal educational settings. Indeed, in light of the weaknesses that are clearly present and even endemic at the intergovernmental level of global and regional organization, it is likely that each of these factors will play an increasingly important role in the future (Bauer 24).`