Anthropology Project on Animal Domestication
Summaries and critiques of five different articles on animal domestication.
This paper provides summaries of five different articles about animal domestication from a variety of anthropological journals. The paper includes a section of critical comments for each of these five articles and includes this author’s personal feelings on these articles. The paper includes a reference for each article with its summary.
`In this article from The Masca Journal, crabtree and Campana discuss dog domestication and propose a new idea, which is that dogs may have been domesticated by Magdalenian hunters in late Pleistocene Europe. One of the problems that Crabtree and Campana came across in their investigation was that domesticated dogs were very geographically widespread, so it was hard for them to determine where dog domestication first occurred. They decided that it would be useful to look at currently existing cultures that use dogs to see what the functions of the dogs were. They looked at a number of cultures, including the Ona of Terra del Fuego, the Eskimo, the Ainu, Siberian hunting and herding societies, the Ainu and the Northern Paiute. They were able to determine that dogs were raised for several reasons, those reasons being: hunting, transportation, pelts, warmth and occasionally for food. Crabtree and Campana conclude that dogs were domesticated (or rather wolves) by hunter-gatherers in Europe and the Near East by the late Pleistocene and early Holocene.`